Overview of waivable grounds for motions to dismiss:
Must be raised before final adjournment of trial.
- Speedy Trial.
But see United States v. Mizgala
, 61 M.J. 122, 127 (C.A.A.F. 2005) (stating that court will not apply forfeiture of Article 10 issues).
- Statute of Limitations. a. Unlimited – capital offenses, AWOL in time of war. b. Five years – all other offenses. c. Child Abuse offenses – life of child, or within five years of date crime committed, whichever is longer d. Two years – Article 15 nonjudicial punishment.
- Former Jeopardy.
- Presidential Pardon.
- Grant of Immunity.
- Constructive Condonation of Desertion.
- Prior Article 15 Punishment for same, minor offense. United States v. Pierce , 27 M.J. 367 (C.M.A. 1989). Prior Article 15 punishment for serious offense does not bar subsequent trial for same offense, but the accused must be given complete sentence credit for any punishment resulting from the Article 15 proceeding. United States v. Edwards , 42 M.J. 381 (C.A.A.F. 1995). The military judge may apply the required credit in fashioning a sentence.