Appendix – Pretrial Flowchart

Appendix – pretrial flowchart

Appendix – pretrial flowchart

militarydefenselawyers180(Typical Court-Martial Case Processing from Offense to Referral)
Preliminary Company Charges Alleged Investigation (R.C.M. commander preferred1 Offense 303) Soldier may be put may dispose (R.C.M. 307) in restraint (R.C.M. 304) of case or or pretrial confinement prefer charges (R.C.M. 305) Receipt by SCMCA, Accuser forwards who may dismiss, SCMCA makes charges, with offer Art 15, refer to recommendation to recommendation, to the SCM, appt Art 32, or SPCMCA3 SCMCA2 forward(R.C.M. 403) (R.C.M. 402) (R.C.M. 403, 404) SPCMCA* may dismiss, offer Art 32 IO conducts Art 32 IO prepares Art 15, refer to SCM, SPCM, Art 32 Art 32 report forward, or appoint Art 32 Investigation (DD Form 457)Investigation (R.C.M. 404) (R.C.M. 405) SPCMCA may Art 32 IO forwards Art dismiss, refer to SPCMCA considers Art 32 report to SPCMCA SCM or SPCM, or 32 report in making (R.C.M. 405) forward to disposition decision GCMCA4 (R.C.M. 404) (RCM 404) GCMCA CA convenes GCMCA gets SJA refers case court Pretrial Advice5 (R.C.M. 407, (R.C.M. 502, (R.C.M. 406) R.C.M. 504, Art 25)**(604)*

  1. Usually the company commander (the accused’s immediate commander) prefers charges, becoming the Accuser; forwards charges (once
    forwarded, charges may be disposed of only by a convening authority (CA)).
  2. Summary Court-Martial Convening Authority
  3. Special Court-Martial Convening Authority
  4. General Court-Martial Convening Authority
  5. The SJA will normally “bundle” the subordinate commanders’ recommendations with his Pretrial Advice.                                                                                                                                     *GCMCAs and SPCMCAs who are accusers may not act as CAs. Art 1(9), Art 22(b), Art 23(b). If statutorily disqualified (because she signed charge sheet), CA may dismiss, offer Art 15, appt Art 32, forward with rec. for GCM (must note disqualification). If personally disqualified (e.g., personal interest in case), may not appt Art 32, must forward with no rec. (only SCMCA may be accuser and a CA).**Usually CA will have previously convened court, e.g., by creating a “standing panel.”