Probable Cause Urinalysis
- A urinalysis test is constitutional if based upon probable cause. Mil. R. Evid.312(d) and 315.
- A positive urinalysis provides probable cause to seize hair sample for drug testing. United States v. Bethea, 61 M.J. 184 (C.A.A.F. 2005).
- A warrant or proper authorization may be required.
- Schmerber v. California, 384 U.S. 757 (1966). Warrantless blood alcohol test was justified by exigent circumstances.
- United States v. Pond, 36 M.J. 1050 (A.F.C.M.R. 1993). Warrantless seizure of urine to determine methamphetamine use was not justified by exigent circumstances because methamphetamine does not dissipate quickly from the body.