Fitness for Duty Urinalysis

  1. militarydefenselawyers334A commander may order a urinalysis based upon reasonable suspicion to ensure a Soldier’s fitness for duty even if the urinalysis is not a valid inspection and no probable cause exists. Results of such tests may only be used for limited purposes. United States v. Bair, 32 M.J. 404 (C.M.A. 1991). See AR 600-85, para. 10-12(a)(1)
  2. Reasonable suspicion required for a fitness for duty urinalysis is the same as reasonable suspicion required for a “stop and frisk” under the Fourth Amendment. United States v. Bair, 32 M.J. 404 (C.M.A. 1991).