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Standard of reviewbestmilitarydefenseucmjdefenselawyer01

  1. The military judge’s ruling to issue or not issue an instruction that is not required istested for abuse of discretion. United States v. Thompson , 31 M.J. 125 (C.M.A. 1990); United States v. Forbes , 61 M.J. 354 (C.A.A.F. 2005).
  2. Failure to object to an erroneous instruction or to request an omitted (non-mandatory)instruction constitutes waiver. R.C.M. 920(f). This triggers plain error analysis, United States v. Kasper , 58 M.J. 314 (C.A.A.F. 2003).
  3. The test for prejudice depends on whether the error was of constitutional dimension. See generally United States v. Forbes , 61 M.J. 354 (C.A.A.F. 2005).