Withdrawal as a Principal

bestmilitarydefensedefenseattorneys9.57.26PMA person may withdraw from a common venture or design and avoid liability for any offenses committed after the withdrawal. To be effective the withdrawal must:

  1. Occur before the offense is committed;
  2. Effectively countermand or negate the assistance, encouragement, advice, instigation, counsel, command, or procurement; and
  3. Be clearly communicated to the would-be perpetrators or to appropriate law enforcement authorities in time for the perpetrators to abandon the plan or for law enforcement authorities to prevent the offense. MCM, pt. IV,  1.b.(7).